Based on their policy brief Understanding Attacks on Humanitarian Aid Workers, PRIO and NCHS researchers Jason Miklian, Kristian Hoelscher and Håvard Mokleiv Nygård have discussed aid workers security in a piece written to The Guardian’s online edition.
Questioning assumptions that humanitarian aid workers face increasingly perilous conditions and environments, Miklian, Hoelscher and Nygård argue that per capita attacks on aid workers have actually fallen slightly since 2000. Their claims are based on national-level data on aid worker attacks, conflicts, security issues and development indicators between 1997 and 2014 and their research uncovers five key characteristics about the countries where aid workers are assumed to be most at risk:
1. Countries at war are more dangerous
2. Whether combatants follow the “rules of war” has little impact
3. Criminal violence doesn’t influence risk of attack
4. An international military presence isn’t riskier – but UN peacekeeping forces might be
5. More developed states are safer
Read their full input to The Guardian here.