Brazilian Peacekeeping: Challenges and Potentials in Turbulent Landscapes at Home and Internationally

Over the last decade, Brazil has taken a more substantial role in international peace and security, and has become increasingly involved in UN peace operations. Particularly through its participation in Haiti, leading the military component of the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), Brazil has underscored its growing engagement in shaping, challenging and adding to conventional practices of conflict management and peace processes. Now, the prospective withdrawal of MINUSTAH, coupled with a current domestic scenario in Brazil of political and economic instability, raises a number of questions about the future of Brazil’s participation and role in peacekeeping. To contribute to critical and well-informed conversations on the challenges and potentials of Brazil’s engagement in peacekeeping amid turbulent landscapes at home and internationally, our new policy brief identifies and brings the following points into debate:

• Brazil has increasingly taken on responsibilities and claimed more proactive roles in handling crises through UN missions.

• Despite Brazil’s increased ability to contribute to and engage in peacekeeping, a series of structural shortcomings constrains the country’s ability to advocate for normative change and aspire to more influential roles at UN platforms.

• Brazil’s peacekeeping approaches can both contribute to and benefit from the recommendations of the HIPPO report as the latest international process to review UN peace operations.

• Notwithstanding the political and economic downtrend currently affecting the country, sustained attention and disposition to contribute to UN peacekeeping operations should remain part of Brazil’s foreign policy portfolio.

Note: This entry is a preview of the authors’ policy brief ‘Brazilian Peacekeeping: Challenges and Potentials in Turbulent Landscapes at Home and Internationally’ (2016), published by PRIO and an output from the project Brazil’s Rise to the Global Stage. You can read this policy brief here.